The Doctor of Science degree is awarded to an individual who has widened his scope of knowledge in a selected field and in related fields and has also attained some original scientific research results and defended a thesis. Individuals aiming to achieve the Doctor of Science degree are required either to take the doctoral programme or to prepare and defend a thesis without attending lectures.
The maximum period for completion of the doctorate is four years. Each doctoral student is assigned a research supervisor. The doctoral student together with their research supervisor produces a course plan and thesis schedule for the entire doctoral period and selects the thesis topic. The doctoral student must pass doctoral level exams in at least four subjects (30 ECTS credits). The best students have the opportunity to perform research or to study a part of their study programme at the universities of other countries. Each doctoral student is also expected to perform research and to collect data for their thesis. The doctoral student must also be engaged in pedagogical work, the volume whereof is set by the Senate.