Subjective Wellbeing and Social Exclusion: a Case of Elderly People

Science area: 
Gintarė Vaznonienė
27 May 2011
Gintarė Vaznonienė
Kaunas University of Technology

According to the theories of subjective wellbeing and social exclusion as well as their methodological approaches subjective wellbeing and its factors of elderly people as a potentially socially excluded group are analysed in this dissertation. The problem of the research – analysis of subjective wellbeing peculiarities among elderly people as potentially socially excluded persons. Research aim: to analyse features of subjective wellbeing among elderly people as a potentially socially excluded group of persons. Results of empirical research revealed that subjective wellbeing of elderly people is mostly influenced by social economical factors. There were highlighted such features of subjective wellbeing of elderly people: perception of wellbeing mostly evaluated with average scores; men wellbeing is worse than women; better wellbeing is of 60-69 years respondents, but the worst 70-79 years respondents; women are more happy than men, men are less satisfied with their present life than woman; women find the family status particularly important for high wellbeing, while men opt for material well-being. The characteristics of the wellbeing of economically active elderly people are found to be better. Strong relations with the near social environment affect the process of integration into the society, while weak relations are relative to a gradual rupture with social economical life. Research results indicate that even 51 percent of elderly people recognize that they feel excluded in living area. The biggest threats for becoming socially excluded and the worst subjective wellbeing evaluations marked pessimists, having bad health, low education persons, getting low income, living alone (especially widows/widowers), who rarely take part in social life and are disappointed with states political life.